Social Development Research

What are best practices as we understand them today in the world of newborn hearing screening, identification, diagnostics and early intervention?

Explore the latest research findings to discover information on important topics for the family journey on raising a child who is deaf or hard of hearing. The research articles and summaries were put together by the Language and Literacy Advisory Board using a consistent format answering the following guiding questions:

  1. The article reference
  2. Keyword
  3. What was studied, how was it studied, and results?
  4. How is this information useful to you and your child?
  5. Who was studied?
  6. What still remains to be answered?
  7. Where can I get more information about this?

Informed parents are in a stronger position to make good decisions for their child.  The links below provide information you may want to consider prior to reviewing research or summaries of research.

Note: If you have a research article summary that is not listed, or you wish to know if there is research on a certain topic area, please email us at  We will share this information with the Language, Literacy, and Social Development Advisory Committee. We are also open to feedback if this information was helpful to you.

Research Summaries

  1. Enhancing Parent–Child Communication and Parental Self-Esteem with a Video-Feedback Intervention: Outcomes with Prelingual Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children
    KEYWORDS: Self-Esteem, Parent-Child, Emotional Availability
  2. Emotional Availability and Touch in Deaf and Hearing Dyads
    KEYWORDS: Emotional Availability, Use of Touch, Language Levels
  3. A comparison of the links between emotional availability and language gain in young children with and without hearing loss
    KEYWORDS: Emotional Availability, Vocabulary, Maternal Characteristics
  4. The relation of sensitivity to child expressive language gain in deaf and hard-of-hearing children whose caregivers are hearing
    KEYWORDS: Bonding, Emotional Availability, Expressive Language
  5. The effect of hearing impairment on the quality of attachment and mother toddler interaction
    KEYWORDS: Attachment, Social-Emotional Development, Relationships
  6. Tricks, lies and mistakes: identifying Theory of Mind concepts within storybooks shared with deaf children
    KEYWORDS: Theory of Mind, Shared Book Reading, Cognitive Development, Social Emotional Development
  7. The deaf mentor experimental project for young children who are deaf and their families
    KEYWORDS: Deaf Mentor, Bi-Bi home Intervention, Language  
  8. False belief development in children who are hard of hearing compared to peers with normal hearing
    KEYWORDS: Social Development, Theory of Mind, False Belief, Hard of Hearing